Syria : The Human rights Council condemns Al Assad\’s
23 August 2011
For the second time this year, the Human Rights Council met
today to consider the human rights situation in Syria, resulting in the
adoption of Resolution A/HRC/S-17/L.1.
This resolution condemns the massive and systematic use of
violence by the regime against its population, and establishes an independent
Commission of Inquiry that will replace the Office of the High Commission for
Human Rights (OHCHR) Fact Finding Mission, which was sent in April to
investigate human rights violations in Syria following the adoption of
The report of the Fact Finding Mission, published on 17
August, described the severe violations committed by the regime: mistreatment,
enforced disappearances, extra judiciary executions, tortures. In her speech
before the Council, High Commissioner Navi Pillay deplored : "As of today,
over 2200 people have been killed since mass protests began in mid-March, with
more than 350 people reportedly killed across Syria since the beginning of
Following the conclusions of the mission, the Council
expressed its concerns about the extent of these violations that amount to
crimes against humanity under the terms of Article 7 of the Rome Statute of the
International Criminal Court.
Rachid Mesli, Alkarama\’s legal director, expressed himself
on behalf of the Amman Center for Human Rights Studies during this session and
declared that "Syria is not party to the Rome Statute; however, the
International Criminal Court may exercise its jurisdiction under Article 13 if
a situation in which one or more of such crimes appear to have been committed
is referred to the Prosecutor by the Security Council". He added:
"there is no doubt that the violations taking place in Syria are this
serious and (…) justify a referral to the ICC".
Alkarama calls on the Syrian authorities to allow the
Commission of Inquiry sent by the Council to investigate the violations that
are perpetrated in the country.
We also request the Security Council to refer the crimes
reported by the Fact Finding mission and the new Commission of Inquiry to the
Alkarama congratulates the Council for its commitment and
firm determination to stop a conflict that has been lasting for six months by
organizing these special sessions, and hopes the decisions that have been taken
will be implemented with success.