Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies (DCHRS)

Statistical Analysis on Syrian Victims Killed by US-Led Coalition’s Airstrikes and Russia’s Airstrikes

Statistical Analysis on Syrian Victims Killed by US-Led Coalition’s Airstrikes and Russia’s Airstrikes

Introduction and Background

 

The Damascus center for human rights studies, with its documentation and monitoring program, began documenting victims since the beginning of the uprising in March 15, 2011. Throughout March 15th, 2011 to May 31, 2017, the Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies (DCHRS) documented a provisional total of 148,226 casualties. 79% of those killed were civilians accumulating to 116,680 civilian victims. The remaining 21% belonged to one of the fighting factions. The number of documented children during the indicated period is 16,365 Children victims at a rate of 11% of the total victims. The documented number of women casualties is 11,402 at a rate of 8% of the total victims.

 

 

In September, 2014, the US-Led Coalition began its airstrikes assaults to eliminate ISIS’s spread in Syria. In addition, the Russian Federation intervened in the Syrian conflict on behalf of the Syrian regime in September, 2015. To this day, both the US-Led Coalition and Russian air force continue their indiscriminate airstrikes across Syria causing collateral damage of civilian casualties. DCHRS used the following timeline to present the documentation analysis of this report.

 

 

 

Number of Casualties Killed By US-Led Coalition’s Airstrikes and Russia’s Airstrikes:

Throughout September, 2014 to May 31, 2017, the Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies (DCHRS) documented a provisional total of 1,383 casualties killed by the US-Led Coalition Airstrikes, most of whom died in Ar-Raqqa province, followed by Aleppo province.

 

Additionally, throughout September, 2015 to May 31, 2017, the Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies (DCHRS) documented a provisional total of 6,921 casualties killed by Russia’s airstrikes, most of whom died in Aleppo province, followed by Idlib province.

 

The following chart indicates the number of victims killed by US-Led Coalition strikes and Russia’s strikes per month:

US-Led Coalition Strikes Casualties’ Analysis:

the following chart shows the number of victims killed by US-Led Coalition airstrikes for the period September, 2014 to the end of the May, 2017

Findings:

The chart presents the following indications:

  • An increase in the number of casualties towards the end of 2016 until May, 2017.
  • DCHRS recorded 0 victims during the following months: April 2015, Jan 2016, May 2016
  • Casualties equal or greater than 100 were recorded in the following months: July 2016, March 2017, April 2017, and May 2017.

 

 

 

The below chart details the number of casualties killed by US-Led Coalition per Syrian provinces sorted descending. Only 7 provinces recorded causalities and they are: Ar-Raqqa, Aleppo, Al-Hasakah, Der Ezzor, Idlib, Homs, and Hama.

 

Findings:

The chart presents the following indications:

  • Given that victims in war terms are considered collateral damage, US-Led Coalition’s targets were more precise against ISIS’s stronghold. Since ISIS’s capital is Ar-Raqqa, it recorded the highest number of victims with 592 victims.
  • DCHRS is unable to retrieve accurate count on ISIS combatants killed, thus most of the documented victims were civilians.
  • DCHRS recorded 0 victims in following provinces: the capital Damascus and its Suburbs, As-Suwayda, Lattakia, Quneitra, and Tartus.

 

 

 

Russia’s Strikes Casualties’ Analysis:

The following chart shows the number of victims killed by Russia’s airstrikes for the period September, 2017 to the end of the May, 2017:

 

Findings:

The chart presents the following indications:

  • An increase in the number of casualties during the following months: Oct 2015, Nov 2015, Dec 2015, Jan 2016, Feb 2016, Sep 2016, Oct 2016, Nov 2016, and Dec 2016.
  • The months with the highest numbers of casualties occurred during the fall and winter seasons, which deteriorated the humanitarian situation further.
  • Jan 2016, Sep 2016, Oct 2016, and Nov 2016 recorded casualties equal or greater than 500.
  • Unusual number of casualties were reordered on Jan 2016 (850 victims), Sep 2016 (791 victims), and Nov 2016 (795 victims), most of whom were civilians.

 

 

 

 

The below chart details the number of casualties killed by Russia’s airstrikes per Syrian provinces, sorted descending. Only 9 provinces recorded causalities and they are: Aleppo, Idlib, Der Ezzor, Homs, Hama, Ar-Raqqa, Damascus and Suburbs, Daraa, Al-Hasakah, and Lattakia

 

Findings:

The chart presents the following indications:

  • Although victims are collateral damage, but Russia’s strikes targets were not precise on ISIS’s strongholds because:
  1. DCHRS documentation revealed that the number of civilians killed by these strikes is larger than ISIS combatants, armed factions, opposition forces, or rebels.
  2. Ar-Raqqa as the capital of ISIS in Syria, ranks 6 with per number of victims, an indicator that Russia wasn’t necessarily targeting ISIS, but more other armed groups and large number of civilians.
  • DCHRS recorded 0 victims in following provinces: As-Suwayda, Quneitra, and Tartus.
  • In a previous report prepared by DCHRS, Aleppo witnessed violent strikes causing the ratio of civilians killed by Russia to equal 98%.

 

 

 

Ratio of Victims Out of Total Number of Casualties.

Throughout September, 2014 to May 31, 2017, DCHRS documented a total of 1,383 casualties killed by the US-Led Coalition Airstrikes. In addition, throughout September, 2015 to May 31, 2017, the DCHRS documented a total of 6,921 casualties killed by Russia’s airstrikes When dividing the above numbers by the total number of casualties documented during (March 15, 2011 to May 31, 2017), a ratio of 1% is victims killed by US-Led Col strikes, and a ratio of 5% is victims killed by Russia’s strikes. Therefore, from every 100 persons killed in Syria, 1 is killed by US-Led Coalition’s strikes, and 5 by Russia’s airstrikes.

 

 

 

Ratio of Victims Killed by US-Led Col During Sep, 2014 to May, 2017:

Throughout September, 2014 to May 31, 2017, DCHRS documented a total of 1,383 casualties killed by the US-Led Coalition Airstrikes. When dividing the above number by the total number of documented casualties during (September 1, 2014 to May 31, 2017), a ratio of 3% is victims killed by US-Led Col. Therefore, from every 100 persons killed in during the same period, 3 out of those were killed by US-Led Coalition strikes.

 

 

 

Ratio of Victims Killed by Russia’s Strikes During Sep, 2015 to May, 2017:

Throughout September, 2015 to May 31, 2017, DCHRS documented a total of 6,921 casualties killed by the Russia’s Airstrikes. When dividing the above number by the total number of documented casualties during (September 1, 2015 to May 31, 2017), a ratio of 25% is victims killed by Russia’s strikes Therefore, from every 100 persons killed in during the same period, 25 out of those were killed by Russia’s strike.

 

 

Based on the above statistics and charts, the Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies (DCHRS) calls the international community to terminate the indiscriminate aggression of aerial aviation, which is designed specifically to target civilians deliberately. DCHRS condemns the constant aerial bombardment of the regime air forces, Russian air forces, and the US-Led Coalition’s forces for perpetrating crimes against humanity and war crimes against the Syrian civilians. DCHRS calls upon the US-Led Coalition Forces and the Russian Federation to target and aim precisely due to the loss of large number of civilians, who were killed as collateral damage. DCHRS commends any efforts or initiatives to establish a safe zone in Syria, which shall save many lives of civilians. Furthermore, Also, DCHRS denounces the continues failure of the UN Security Council to achieve mechanisms to end violence in Syria, and to account crime perpetrators to justice. Additionally, DCHRS urges the UN and the international community to implement the “Ceasefire” agreement and to create a no-fly zone that could prevent the deaths of many children, women, and civilians.

 

DCHRS, inspired by its main mission in documenting and monitoring human rights violation in Syria and as a member of the International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect (ICRtoP), urges all the concerned organization to work on, referring the cases of these massacres, and the many other massacres perpetrated by the Syrian regime, to the I.C.C. and the specialized courts, holding the individuals responsible for these crimes accountable.

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DCHRS_Stats_US-led-Col_and_Russia_En

 

Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies (DCHRS)

June, 6, 2017

 

For more information, please contact
Dr. Radwan Ziadeh, Executive director of the Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies.
Phone (571) 205-3590
Email : radwan.ziadeh@gmail.com

Mr. Mojahed Ghadban, Communication Officer.
Telephone (479) 799-8115
Email: info@dchrs.org

DCHRS is an independent, non-governmental organization, established in 2005, located in the Syrian capital of Damascus. Its mission is to foster a spirit of support and respect for the values and standards of human rights in Syria. As such, DCHRS recognizes and adheres to all pertinent international human rights agreements and declarations issued by the UN.

  • DCHRS is a member of the following international networks:
  • International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)
  • Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (EMHRN)
  • NGO Coalition for the international Criminal Court
  • International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect (ICRtoP)
  • International Coalition of Sites of Conscience

 

DCHRS worked on a variety of documentation projects. Such projects included daily casualty reports, massacre reports, and other human rights violations reports. Also DCHRS has been working on advocacy and lobbying in different human rights institutions in order to educate and acknowledge about the deteriorating human rights situation in Syria. DCHRS opened local offices in Syria in order to document, collect, and observe human rights violations on the ground. After the launch of the Syrian revolution, the center increased its activities through working, communicating, and coordinating with many members and activists. Thus the center began documenting daily violations committed by the Syrian regime forces that can be classified as crimes against humanities and war crimes. Such violations included: extrajudicial killings, massacres, arbitrary detentions, enforced disappearances, rape, torture in prisons. DCHRS submitted those reports to many international and regional human rights organizations and communicated with the Report of the independent international commission of inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic on Syria.