Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies (DCHRS)

Guided by the Charter of the United Nations and by General Assembly resolution 60/251

The Human Rights Council,

 Guided by the
Charter of the United Nations and by General Assembly resolution 60/251,

Reaffirming the purposes and principles of the Charter of
the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and relevant
international human rights treaties, including the International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights, and that all States are bound to promote and
protect human rights and fundamental freedoms,     Recalling Article 4 of the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights with respect to rights that may not be
derogated from under any circumstances, even in public emergency,   

Expressing deep regret at the deaths of hundreds of people
in connection with the recent and ongoing political protests in Syria, and
grave concern with respect to alleged deliberate killings, arrests, and
instances of torture of peaceful protestors by the Syrian authorities,

            Noting the
recent statement made by the Secretary-General of the United Nations calling
for an independent, transparent and effective investigation into the situation
in Syria,

Noting also the recent statements by United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights, and certain UN Special Rapporteurs with respect
to Syria which call for an end to killings, as well as for accountability,
protection of human rights defenders and respect for freedom of expression,

Further noting the stated intention of the Syrian Arab
Republic to take steps for reform, and urging the Syrian Arab Republic to take
urgent and concrete measures to meet the legitimate demands of its people,
including by enlarging the scope of political participation and dialogue,
following through on the abolition of the High State Security Court and the
lifting of measures restricting the exercise of fundamental freedoms,

Reaffirming that all UN member states shall refrain in their
international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial
integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner
inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations,

1.      
Unequivocally condemns the
use of lethal violence against peaceful protestors by the Syrian authorities
and the hindrance of access to medical treatment and urges the Syrian
Government to immediately put an end to all human rights violations, protect
its population, and respect fully all human rights and fundamental freedoms, including
freedom of expression and freedom of assembly; further urges the authorities to
allow  access to the Internet and
telecommunications networks and to lift censorship on reporting, including by
allowing appropriate access by foreign journalists;

2.      
Calls upon the Syrian
Government to immediately release all prisoners of conscience and arbitrarily
detained persons, including those who were detained before the recent events,
as well as to immediately cease any intimidation, persecution and arbitrary
arrests of individuals, including lawyers, human rights defenders and
journalists;

3.      
Urges the Syrian
authorities to refrain from any reprisals against people who have taken part in
peaceful demonstrations and to allow the provision of urgent assistance to
those in need, including by guaranteeing appropriate access to human rights and
humanitarian organizations;

4.      
Stresses the need for the
Syrian authorities to launch a credible and impartial investigation in
accordance with international standards and to prosecute those responsible for
attacks on peaceful protestors in the Syrian Arab Republic, including by forces
under Government control;

5.      
Urges the Syrian
authorities to enlarge the scope of political participation aimed at ensuring
civil liberties and enhancing social justice;

6.      
Encourages relevant
thematic special-procedures mandate holders, within their respective mandates,
to pay particular attention to the human rights situation in Syria, and urges
Syrian authorities to cooperate with these thematic mandate-holders, including
by allowing country visits;

7.      
Requests the Office of the
High Commissioner for Human Rights to urgently dispatch a mission to the Syrian
Arab Republic to investigate all alleged violations of international human
rights law and to establish the facts and circumstances of such violations and
of the crimes perpetrated, with a view to avoiding impunity and ensuring full
accountability, and to provide a preliminary report and oral update on the
situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic to the Council at its
seventeenth session, and to submit a follow-up report to the Council at its
eighteenth session, and further requests the High Commissioner to organize an
interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab
Republic during the eighteenth session of the Council;

8.      
Calls upon the Syrian
Government to cooperate fully with and grant access to personnel from the
mission dispatched by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights;

9.      
Requests the Secretary
General and the High Commissioner for Human Rights to provide all the
administrative, technical and logistical assistance required to enable the
mission to fulfil its mandate;

10.  
Decides to remain seized of
the matter.

VOTE  COUNT

26 yes:

Kyrgyzstan

Ghana

Guatemala

Hungary

Japan

Maldives

Mauritius

Mexico

Norway

Poland

ROK

Moldova

Senegal

Slovakia

Spain

Switzerland

UK

US

Uruguay

Zambia

Argentina

Belgium

Brazil

Burkina faso

Chile

France

 

9 no:

Pakistan

China

Cuba

Russia

Malaysia

Mauritania

Bangladesh

Ecuador

Gabon

 

7 abstain:

Nigeria

Saudi

Thailand

Uganda

Ukraine

Cameroon

Djibouti

 

4 absent:

Jordan

Qatar

Angola

Bahrain