Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies (DCHRS)

83598 people have been killed since Syria’s uprising against Bashar al-Assad : including 74993 civilians , 8393 of them are children , 7686 women and 2441 tortured to death

Date of report: 28/5/2013

The Report :
SNHR documentation policy depends on document name from at least two different sources unconnected with each other .
SNHR doesn’t issue any statistic without supported files contain very precise details of each death case fully identified by the name of the victim , as well as the date and location of death
By those standards SNHR have been adopted as one of the most important resources in UN statistics for the victims of the Syrian conflicts , and in its famous statistics at the beginning of this year , which stated the killing of 60.000 Syrian citizens , as well as adopted as the main source for many news agencies and space stations  
SNHR documented civilian casualties in addition to free army victims as a result  of the possibility to apply the network’s criteria in documentation and verification , these criteria  can’t be applied to Syrian Government’s Armed Forces deads cause of the prosecution , ban and restrictions.
Since Syria’s uprising began in March 2011 as to 15/5/2013 , SNHR documented at least killing of 80159 people, distributed to 75992 civilians ( 91% civilian victims ) , 7606 Syrian Free Army ( 9% fighter brigades )
Among the civilians : 7686 women , 8329 children , and 2441 tortured to death
( On the following link to the official website of SNHR , you can find all names and details of the victims )


As a reference this what we were able to document by name , location, , photo and video within the available possibilities under embargo and censorship imposed by the Syrian Government , although our estimation  suggest that the real number of victims could reach twice up to nearly a quarter million
In Syria , each 8 hours citizen killed by Syrian Government’s Armed Troops , with a daily average of 135 citizen
Every two hours a child killed
Every three hours a women killed
The following chart shows the distribution of the 83598 victims on the Syrian governorates

Damascus countryside comes first with 17551 victims
Then Homs : 14254 victims
Aleppo : 11770 victims
Idlib : 10161 victims
Daraa : 7472 victims
Hama : 6492  victims
Damascus : 5597 victims
Dier Alzoor : 5477 victims
Lattakia : 1435 victims
Raqqa : 953 victims
Qunaitra : 651 victims
Hasaka : 638 victims
Tartous : 338 victims
Swidaa : 119 victims

Child victims :
Syrian Government’s Armed Forces killed 8329 children , including 82 children have been arrested and tortured to death , the proportion of child victims is 9% , which is a very high figure and indicate the deliberate targeting and systematic killing of the civilians  , in addition to  the number of child detainees are almost 9000 children

Female victims :
Syrian Government’s Armed Forces killed 7686 women , including 24 women have been arrested and tortured to death , among the female victims 2507 girl child , the proportion of female victims is 9% , which is a very high figure and indicate the deliberate targeting and systematic killing of the civilians  , the number of woman detainees are almost 6500 women , more than 5000 women have been raped by Syrian Government’s Armed Forces



Torturing to death :
Syrian Government’s Armed Forces systematically and deliberately violated international conventions and laws which states clearly and explicitly of prohibiting torture by suing very brutal torturing methods against detainees , which led to kill 2441 Syrian citizens including 82 children , 24 women , 51 over 60 years old , and 106 armed rebel ; that’s mean less than 5 % are armed rebel and the rest are civilians  
The following chart shows the distribution of victims who tortured to death by Syrian Government’s Armed Forces inside security branches and its distribution by month :

There are a huge number of cases for those who tortured to death not be able to documented cause of restrictions and deprivation of work on Syrian territory, that’s mean the real number could be far greater, especially that there are prisons who torturing people to death and then throw the bodies in vacant land or in rivers, so it will decompose and disintegrate and blur the crime .
The following chart shows the distribution of the 2441 victims on the Syrian governorates

Condemnation And Responsibilities
Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts
responsibility of states for internationally wrongful acts , similarly Customary IHL provides that states that the state is responsible for all acts committed by a members of its military and security forces , thus the states is responsible of wrongful acts committed by its military and security forces including crimes against humanity
Prohibition crimes against humanity are among the rules of jus cogens or peremptory , and punish such crimes is compulsory according to the General principles of international law . Moreover, the crimes against humanity are the height violations of basic human rights, such as the right to life and prohibition of torture or other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment . In accordance with the principles of State responsibility in international law, Syrian Arabic Republic hold responsibility for such crimes and violations, the duty to ensure punishment of the perpetrators individually and the duty to provide compensation to victims

SNHR hold all violations committed by Syrian Government Armed Forces to the Syrian government and the  General Commander of the army and the armed forces, Bashar Al-Assad, and to all the officials of security branches , and to all  financially and morally supporters to those forces, with the legal judicial and material consequences to the victims and their families in addition to all the reactions that will come by the families  or their friends 


Legal conclusions :
1-    Syrian Government Armed Forces committed extensive systematic crimes against humanity by unlawful killings
2-     Syrian Government Armed Forces committed these extensive systematic crimes in non international armed conflicts , so it is considered as a war crimes
3-    Syrian government by killing and targeting civilians violated both International Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law 
Recommendations :
Syrian Governments   
1-    Immediately stop all human rights’ violations.
2-    Respect international obligations of protection of civilians in time of war, and respect for rules of international humanitarian law and international human rights law

Lebanese and Iraqi Governments   
The Lebanese and Iraqi Governments should control their borders and to the Government of Lebanon must take the necessary measures to prevent Hezbollah element’s of  attacking and occupied  Syrian territory and Shell  Syrian territory from Lebanese territory, stop facilitating logistical supplies to Syria Government’s Armed forces.

 International Commission of Inquiry :
The International Commission of inquiry must live up to the expected level and give an accurate description of violations committed by the Syrian Government’s Armed Forces against the Syrian people

Human Rights Council :
1-    Demand the Security Council and the concerned international institutions to hold their responsibilities of what’s happening for the Syrian People of killing , rape , displacement , and arrested
2-    Pay more and Serious attentions of torturing death cases which considered as the worst type of crimes at all
3-    Pressure on the Syrian Government Troops to stop torturing and  killing and release all kidnapped and arrested  
4-    Hold alias and supporters of the Syrian Government Troops : Russia , Iran and China , the moral and physical responsibilities for what’s happening to the Syrian people
Security Council :
1-    Decision to refer all the criminals and the involved to ICC
2-    Warn the Syrian Government Troops of therepercussions of using brutal methods on the stability of civil peace and coexistence between the people of the same society
3-    Insert Syrian National Army , and Shabiha troops loyal to Syrian Government’s Armed troops , and Lebanese Hezbollah on the international terror list   
Arab League :
1-    Demand Human Right Council and United Nations to give a serious and right attention of stop daily killing  
2-    Political anddiplomaticpressureonthe Syrian Government Troops ‘s mainallies-Russia, Iran andChina -to prevent them fromcontinuous providingcoverandinternationaland political protectionforallthe crimes committed againstthe Syrian people andhold themmoraland physicalresponsibilityforallthe excesses oftheSyrian Government Troops
3-    Serious attention of this case and give it high priority, and try to take care of victim families Psychologically and materially and educationally


Syrian Network for Human Rights – London
Website: www.syrianhr.org
Email: press@syrianhr.org
Skype: Syrianhr