Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies (DCHRS)

Comprehensive report of using chemical weapons by Syrian Regime

Comprehensive report of using chemical weapons by Syrian Regime
Report prepared by Syrian Network for Human Rights
14 May 2013

Introduction

GENEVA PROTOCOL

for the Prohibition of the Use of Asphyxiating, Poisonor Other Gases, and Bacteriological Methods of Warfare; 1925 agreement banning the use of chemical and biological weapons in war.
The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC)

Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction
( Signed at London, Moscow and Washington on 10 April 1972.
Entered into force on 26 March 1975 )

Chemical Weapons Convention

Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction
 ( Signed at Paris and New York on January 13,1993 , Effective, April 29,1997 )

    Syrian Network for Human Rights’ team conducted separate investigation for each case of using chemical weapons by Syrian Armed Forces inside Syrian territories.
The team encountered great difficulties, especially inability of the team members from field visits and conducting analyses, cause Syrian government preventing Syrian Network for Human Rights to work freely on the Syrian’s territory, and chasing its member.
Therefore, Syrian Network for Human Rights’ Team who exist in all of the Syrian territories documented and recorded information and testimonies that they could obtain from survivors, eyewitnesses and physicians had examined injures , to finally get the following appendixes and attachments.

           

Summary

Syrian government’s Armed Forces launched13attacks targeted  5 Governorates . using typesof poisonous gases in some of these attacks, andchemical weapons in others, that’s what we could confirm in these current circumstances by testimonies of residentsand physiciansin the field  hospital. Syrian networkforhuman rights’ teamprepared detailed reports about thoseterrifyattacksthat led to 57 victims, and504injuries.

The targeted governorates can be summarized as follows :

Homs : Two chemical weapons attack

First attack :

The first attack was in December 23, 2012, targeted Bayada and Deir Ba’lbeh in Homs. and led to 6 victims and at least 60 injuries, including 10 critical condition, 4  paralysis, and 3 vision loss.

Second attack :

The second attack was in December 25, 2012, it targeted Zafarana village in the northern of Homs. It resulted in at least 35 suffocation condition , all of them residents, Syrian Network for Human Rights didn’t document any death .

Aleppo : Three chemical weapons attack

First attack :

The first attack was in March 19, 2013 , in Khan Alasa’l in Aleppo’s western  countryside
Syrian Government’s Armed Forces warplanes bombed missiles with chemical warheads on Khan Alasa;l , led to 22 victims and 250 injuries.

 

 

 

Second attack :

The second attack was in Saturday April 13, 2013 , in Sheikh Maksoud neighborhood in Aleppo
According to Syrian Network for Human Rights member in Aleppo : Helicopter belonging to Syrian Government’s Air Force (who is owned by only Syrian Government) dropped two poison gas bombs on Sheikh Maksoud – North of Aleppo ( Kurdish majority) . the bombs are metal cans fairly like conservers with plastic cans inside contains toxic materials turn into gases , it also featured with safety valves.
These bombs led to 5 victims , including two infants , more than 12 injuries cause on inhaling the poisonous gas , transferred   to Afrin for treatment .
  
Third attack :

Third attack was in Saturday April 27, Kueres military airport in Aleppo
Syrian Government’s Armed Forces dropped artillery shells on Free Syrian Army centers, immediately tuned into gases when exploded .
It led to 10 dead of FSA , 15 injuries of  poisoning , suffocation , and allergic symptoms cause of inhaling the poisonous gas , transferred   to FSA medical points around the airport  

 

Third: Damascus countryside 5 chemical weapons attacks

First attack :

First attack was nearly at 11 AM, on Tuesday March 19 , 2013, Al-Otaiba town
It led to 5 victims, more than 60 suffocation injuries, including women and children.
The second attack: in Adra

Second  attack :

Second attack was nearly at 9 PM on Sunday, March 24, 2013, Adra Town 
It led to two victims, and more than 40 injuries, all residents .

 

 

Third  attack :

Third attack was nearly at 4 AM, on Tuesday April 09, 2013, Al-Otaiba town
It led to deaths of number of livestock owned by residents, while the Syrian Network for Human Rights did not document any death cases among citizens.

 

Fourth attack :

Fourth attack was in Wednesday April 25, 2013 in Darea city , Shell focused on the southern area in the city 
Syrian Government’s Armed Forces shelled the city with tow surface to surface missiles with chemical warheads   ( poisonous gases ), led to large number of suffocation among citizens and poultry deaths.

Fifth attack :

Fifth attack was in Wednesday April 17, 2013 in Ain Tarma town – Damascus countryside
Syrian Government’s Armed Forces and after clashes between FSA shelled the town with poisonous gases’ bombs, led to kill one citizen and 8 injuries ( Free Syrian Army and citizens )
.

Forth: Damascus governorate 2 chemical weapons attacks

First attack :

First attack was on Sunday April 7 , 2013, Jobar neighborhood  
Targeted the neighborhood with poisonous gas, and led to 7 sever suffocation injuries,

Second attack :

Second attack was on Sunday April 14, 2013, Jobar neighborhood  
Targeted the neighborhood with poisonous gas, led to 1 citizen victim  and more than 30 injuries

 

Fifth: Idlib governorate 1 chemical weapon attack

On Monday April 29, 2013 , in Saraqeb
According to residents’ testimonies : Helicopter belonging to Syrian Government’s Air Force (who is owned by only Syrian Government) dropped bags led to dispersion of dust particles , causing 14 suffocation injuries , transferred   to Saraqeb hospital  

Attacks’ Details according to Eyewitnesses and Physician in field hospitals
Homs Governorate:
Sunday, December 23, 2012  
That morning ,Syrian Government’s Armed Forces shelled theareaofAl-Bayada, DeirBa’lbehandAl-SteenStreet, shellingcontinuedfor hours, thenSyrian Government’s Armed Forces retreated . followed by anexplosionwith white smokeataboutseven O’clock in the evening in the same day .

Later identified as poisonous gases, led to more than50 injurieswere transferred   to the hospital. According to testimonies of field hospital physicians and eyewitnesses, the bomson   g resulted incasesof delirium, nerveconvulsions, loss of consciousness, tingling ornumbness in all parts of the body, loss of sense and taste, very pain in the eye, myosis and very constricted in eyes pupil which like pin-point, suffocation cases needed extended treatments to the trachea, treatment by oxygen, in addition to gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting which result in acute failure of the respiratory and Haemoptysis similar to the symptoms ofpneumoniainhalation, which was the main reasonof the death ofthe victims.

Attack led to 7 residents’ victims, and at least60injuries, including10critical conditions, 4 paralysis and 3visionloss.

Victims who were documented through communication with physiciansandtheir families:

A media activist in Free Syrian Army eyewitness in Homs said :
We heard a voice like gas bomb , no smell or color , suddenly people falls down , everyone who was near the bomb affected most , I was far a little bit but when I came closer to help injured , I got the same symptoms : couldn’t breathe , eye Penumbra , and nerves relaxation , I stayed in this situation for 5 days , as dozens of injuries . 

Appendixes and attachments:

Victims who weredocumentedthroughcommunicationwithphysiciansandtheir families:

1- Alaa As’aad Hassan – (El Chircassy) – Al-Bayada – 12/23/2012 – the reason: suffocation resulting from gases that were launched

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=303631153089923&set=a.206965176089855.44506.206962152756824&type=1&relevant_count=1
http://youtu.be/jlzmc6SrMo0

2- SaberMando– Al-Bayada-23-12-2012-the reason: suffocation resulting from gasesthatwerelaunched
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s9MGAAdyOTk&feature=share

3- Ehab Asi – Al-Bayada -23-12-2012 – the reason: suffocation resulting from gases that were launched
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4vINr9-3Zhw&feature=share

4- Bassam Iboros – 25 years – Deir Ba’laba – the Arab Spring – 12/23/2012 – the reason: suffocation resulting from gases that were launched.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DOcTqj5Ym2s

5- Walid Mohammed Hamadi – Al-Khalidiya – 12/23/2012 – the reason: suffocation resulting from gases that were launched.

6- StoffIbrahim Hammadi – Al-Khaldia – 12/23/2012 – the reason: suffocation resulting from gases that were launched.

 
Videos and pictures of injured people
 
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=303572776429094&set=a.206965176089855.44506.206962152756824&type=1&relevant_count=1
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=511712475526803&set=a.266655590032494.70853.266496590048394&type=1&relevant_count=1
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=511712475526803&set=a.266655590032494.70853.266496590048394&type=1&relevant_count=1

Video showing a field hospital which includes a lot of cases of suffocation and testimony of  injured in the attack.

http://youtu.be/kuYSYOtbqlI

Field hospital which was filled with injured

http://youtu.be/bbLFN5XSHnA
  
The following is a report was sent by physicianswhowereinthe field hospital andtreatedtheinjuries :

photography report of one of Homs physicians:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Ua3Mhwgrno

The second attack in Homs:in Al-Zafranah

On Tuesday 12/25/2012
Syrian Government’s Armed Forcesusedagain poisonous gas the same kind , inAl-Zafranah village – north Homs. These gases led to more than20 suffocation conditions from residents , but wedid not documentanydeath case .

Appendixes andattachments:

Videos depicting the fall of poison gas on the region
http://youtu.be/g6MDDJDmIMU
http://youtu.be/V0S0ZVIK8F8
http://youtu.be/Hm4xALkRzfY


Aleppo Governorate :
First attack in Khan Al-Asal
The reality of  what happened in Khan Al-Asal,  testimony of eyewitnesses, victims’ families and activists.

Date of attack: 03/19/2013

Documented by TheSyrian Network for Human Rights
Introduction
Khan Al’asalislocatedinthe western countrysideofAleppo governorate , about5kilometersfromAleppo,andmost of its residentsloyal tothe Assad regime.  western part ofthe regionwasliberalizedon25/02/2013, it includes thepoliceacademy, and some farms, but other parts has still been underthecontroloftheAssad regime.

The region was bombed as said at 3:45 am by military air forces, warplanes dropped missiles which exploded and fired fragments like sand to long distances.  The missile fell in the southern region of Khan Al’asal.

Note thefollowing:

First: military air force is owned only by Syrian government’s Armed Forces .

Second: the bomson   g targeted areas loyal to Syrian regime either by mistake, or deliberately and intentionally, and all victims were from people loyal to the Syrian regime. Actually, this is why Syrian regime insist that the limits of United Nations Investigation Commission will only include the attack that targeted Khan Al’asal.

The report:

Location on the map:
https://maps.google.com/?ll=36.163137,37.020578&spn=0.019645,0.042272&t=m&z=15

Testimony of Dr., NaelHariri, hehas treatedtheinjuriesinAleppouniversityhospital:
 
the eyewitness who was in Aleppo University Hospital, when the injuries were transported to the hospital, he is a physician working in the hospital, his name is Nael Hariri, and he is still alive:

"After the bomson   g which target Khan All’Asal,  the hospitals in the city began to receive hundreds cases of injuries. 25 killed were counted at Al-Ragaa hospital, Al-Razi hospital, Al-Shahbaa hospital, Syrian Specialist hospital, and Aleppo university hospital. They all died in symptoms of bronchospasm, suffocation, myosis, and nausea and vomiting sometimes without any malformed in an external dead body. While hundreds of injured people (about 200 – 250 cases) were treated in the public and private ambulance rooms, they had symptoms of allergic and metabolic similar with symptoms of phosphorus poisoning . This creates strong medical doubts outweighing the use of chemical Sarin gas cause it’s symptoms is light allergic and even quick death within few seconds, this is depending on the amount of gas that the body has exposed directly”.
 
The communication with the witness can be done through his account on Facebook
http://www.facebook.com/halaalna?fref=ts

Testimony of female eyewitness, she could communicate with somenurseswho are inAleppo Universityhospital, her name is HalaNgari, and she is stillalive:
“The injuries ofKhanAl’asal’s residentswho suffered from suffocation were transported toAleppouniversity hospital, but media correspondents were prevented from entering the hospital, while police, and security forces filled the hospital. The only correspondent was there is  ShadiHelw ( the correspondent of Syrian satellite channel ), any other media correspondents want to enter , he will subjected tofully body search, and they couldn’t take photos ".

The cases ofsuffocation filled the hospital. Additionally, I would like to say that there are victims in  KhanAl-Asalhasn’t yet been transported to the hospital, patients die immediately ,  or died on the stretcher ,and injured lives on oxygen waiting the death , or others with easier symptoms

The more importance information to those who claim that this gas is not a chemical gas, is the nurses and physicians suffered from neurological disorders because of the smell of the patients’ clothes, furthermore one of them suffered from suffocation, so patients undressed patient’s clothes that influenced on the medical staff”.

The communicationwith the witness can be donethroughher Facebook account
http://www.facebook.com/DrNael?fref=ts

Testimony of one of the nurses which had been in Al-Ragaa hospital, during the treatment of the injured, but she refused to disclose her identity fear of tracking of security forces:

“Almost 40 injuries arrived at the hospital, all of them suffered from bronchospasm and myosis,  10 of them died. Furthermore, two nurses and a doctor suffered from syncope and nervous convulsions.

It is thought that the material used is organic phosphor because it transfers by touch and inhalation "

Testimony of resident’s Eyewitness, his name is Ahmed Subh, and he is still alive:

"Khan Al-Asal has been shelling since long time, a part of it wasliberalized and all people in the occupied parts are Shabiha and loyal to Asaad regime. The warplane shelled the southern neighbourhood. Difficulty, we could confirm that the bombs was carried by chemical materials, and resulted in cases of suffocation, through our communication with some relatives residing in the southern neighbourhood and by spying by wireless its frequency the same of Army’s chanel . Due to they are loyal to Alasaad regime, they transported to governmental hospitals".

You can communicatewith the witness throughhis account on Skype :
ahmed.r.86

Testimony of resident’s Eyewitness, he is a media activist, his name is Abu Abdullah al-Halabi, and he is still alive: he told us about the place that was shelled 

"I’m in Khan Al-Asal, and every two days I participate with the youth ( free army ) in battlefield. Khan Al-Asal consist of four neighbourhoods , most of its residents are  Alawites, supportive to Alasaad regime and Shabiha, all of them are armed. All the vicitms  was Shabiha, and we are the residents and we know them.”

 

You can communicatewith the witness through his account on Skype :
jouman1111

Syrian Network for Human Rights could document the killing of 22 citizens from the region’s residents after their suffering from suffocation. The victims include five children, seven women and a doctor who was overseeing the treatment of patients in the hospital. Additionally, we documented nearly 250 injuries of symptoms of metabolic syndrome, hepatic failure, nervous convulsions, loss of consciousness, haw in the ability of taking, myosis. all these symptoms are similar to the symptoms of  organic phosphorus poisoning.

Victims’ Names:

1)     Ms. Znob daughter of Taha Za’rour and Khayria.
2)     Ammar son Mahmoud Za’rour and Zaina.
3)     Ahmed son Ali Za’rour and Marashaa.
4)     Ms. Fatima daughter Ali Za’rour, and Marashaa.
5)     Zaror son Ali Za’rour and tmoo.
6)      Hassan Son    Za’rour Ali Za’rour and Amon.
7)     8) two children, they are the sons of: Ali son    Ahmed Ali Za’rour.
9)     Ms. Amon Daughter of Ismail Amuri and Maryam Rajab.
10)Ahmed Son of  Omar Amuri and Helmeyet.
11)Ahmed Son of  Abdu Amuri and Amon.
12) Mrs. Samiha Daughter of Fares Abdul Qadir and Fatoom.
13)Mohamed Son of Mahmoud Saleh and Ayouche.
14)Abdo Son of Hassan Qaddah and Amina.
15)Ms. Zeinab girl Zakaria Abdullah Ali and Ayouche.
16)Ms. Buthaina Daughter of  Zakaria Abdul Ali and Ayouche.
17)Ms. Zahra Daughter of  Ali Abdullah Za’rour and Zeinab.
18) Victim Abdel Hadi Son of Ali Abdullah Za’rour rn and Zeinab.
19)– 21) Three children, they are the sons: Ahmed Abdo Amuri and Fatima
22)Unknown physician– during his treating of patients in Aleppo university hospital.

Appendixes and attachments:
Testimonies of some residents
http://youtu.be/z5xA4YELTog
http://youtu.be/-bmbuskU0l8
Testimony of Battalion Commander in free army
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dytGckjJmC4&feature=youtu.be
Second Attack
Sheikh Maksoud neighborhood
The second attack was in Saturday April 13, 2013 , in Sheikh Maksoud neighborhood in Aleppo
According to Syrian Network for Human Rights member in Aleppo : Helicopter belonging to Syrian Government’s Air Force (who is owned by only Syrian Government) dropped two poison gas bombs on Sheikh Maksoud – North of Aleppo ( Kurdish majority) . the bombs are metal cans fairly like conservers with plastic cans inside contains toxic materials turn into gases , it also featured with safety valves.
These bombs led to 5 victims , including two infants , more than 12 injuries cause on inhaling the poisonous gas , transferred   to Afrin for treatment.
Medical source inside Afrin hospital told us that who were exposed to the gas showed signs of hallucinations, vomiting, heavy runny nose and burning eye. Their conditions deteriorated after they got into the hospital in three hours they had anothersymptoms such as myosis , nerve irritation and throat irritation , breath shortness , loosing neurological reflexes which evolved to losing consciousness and froth out of mouth.
also the health situation to some paramedics deteriorated
Physicians inside Afrin Hospital told us that they didn’t conduct any Lab tests to know the used material cause this kind of tests only conducted in two labs in Syria , one in Aleppo and the other in Damascus and both belong to Syrian criminal Security
And many hospitals lack the necessary drugs and ingredients to heal such cases, and doctors don’t have suitable suits or protective masks
Another medical source in a field hospital in Shiekh Maksoud told us that one of those who inhaled the poisonous gases lost his vision immediately  

==========
Name of the victims as we could document by communicating with their families and friends :
1-     Ms.Ghadir Alnadaf
2-     Child Abo Bakr Abdullah – 2 years –
3-     Chidl Younes Abdullah – 4 months –
4-     Ms. Ghernas Kubani
5-       Ms Ghalia ( unknown surname )

Names of the families who exposed to the poisonous gas
1-     Ms. Reem Younes
2-     Moneer Younes
3-     Abdullah Younes
4-     Yaser Younes
5-     Jasem Alali
6-      Mahmod Bakri
7-     Alaa Bakri
8-     Mostafa Horo
9-     Rojhalat
10-Hafal Ibrahim
11-Rashad Abdo
12-Ismael Mamo

 

 

Appendixes and attachments:

Testimony of physician in Afrin Hospital :
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jp3WRrueQDQ
Testimony of Sheikh Maksod’s resident about poisonous shelling  
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IzyJOsD6nss&feature=youtu.be
Video shows injuries in the hospital
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=US92iaAastU&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_DjKbqXptyI&feature=youtu.be
======
Photos of the incident
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0HPkNRyC7IEMG84YkpYdl9GSU0/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0HPkNRyC7IEa2R4RldzaUNldE0/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0HPkNRyC7IEaGlocHI1bVlobzA/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0HPkNRyC7IETXoydDZVcXh3VFE/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0HPkNRyC7IEVDZ6YXY2eFZkWkk/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0HPkNRyC7IERjI5YnVfWV9oYjg/edit?usp=sharing

 

Third attack :

Kueres military airport in Aleppo

Third attack was in Saturday April 27, Kueres military airport 16 Km far from Aleppo in Aleppo countryside ( Dier Hafer airport )
Syrian Government’s Armed Forces dropped artillery shells on Free Syrian Army centers, immediately tuned into gases when exploded .
It led to 10 dead of FSA , 15 injuries of   poisoning , suffocation , and allergic symptoms heavy runny nose , burning eye and Hallucination cause of inhaling the poisonous gas , transferred   to FSA medical points around the airport

 

Map of the airport :
https://maps.google.com/maps?q=%D9%85%D8%B7%D8%A7%D8%B1+%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%B1+%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%81%D8%B1+,+%D8%AD%D9%84%D8%A8,+%D9%85%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%81%D8%B8%D8%A9+%D8%AD%D9%84%D8%A8,+%D8%B3%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A9%E2%80%8E&hl=en&ie=UTF8&ll=36.18562,37.580366&spn=0.019639,0.042272&sll=36.163102,37.229533&sspn=0.019645,0.042272&hq=%D9%85%D8%B7%D8%A7%D8%B1+%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%B1+%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%81%D8%B1+,+%D8%AD%D9%84%D8%A8,+%D9%85%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%81%D8%B8%D8%A9+%D8%AD%D9%84%D8%A8,+%D8%B3%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A9%E2%80%8E&t=m&z=15
According to an eyewitness Yousef Satouf , he is a media activist and resident in that area , still alive , he said :
During clashes there is shelling , Saturday almost 1.00 PM artillery shells Free Syrian Army centers , the shell turned into gas immediately when it explode, some suffocation to death as they inhale the gas and others transferred   to field hospital near the airport, injuries have signs poisoning , suffocation , and allergic symptoms heavy runny nose , burning eye , Hallucination and vomiting
You can communicate with the Eyewitness by Skype :
 Yaser.future1
Victims’ name :
1-     Yousef Ahmad Almahshi
2-     Abdulrazak Almetaeb Alwasmi
3-     Husain Alaid Aljunaid
4-     Abdulwahab Khshilij
5-     Hamza Ali Sarhan
6-     Mohamad Ahmad Mohemed
7-     Idris Mahmod Alahmad Alshahod
8-     Fahd Alkhalaf
9-       Abdulrahman Krot
10-   Mazen Alhamadi ( Abo Adi )
========

Damascus Countryside: 5 chemical weapons attacks

The first attack: Al Otaiba:

Tuesday 03/19/2013, and at approximately 11 AM, Syrian Government’s Armed Forces  bombed Al Otaiba by missiles carried toxic warhead , it led to the spread of clouds of gas after explosion. Also, it resulted in 5 victims on who have been known by residents, they are:
1-    Hosam Kashisha
2-    Husein Kashisha

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=koU8xGOJpPA&feature=youtu.be
3-    Yousef Kashisha
4-    Mohamed Abu ElKheir
5-    Kasem Abu ElKheir

 In addition to injuring more than (60) citizens from this region, most of them are women and children. They suffered from suffocation, respiratory failure, Haemoptysis, severe drop in blood pressure, nervous and peripherals convulsions, myosis .
 Appendixes and Attachments

In the following video, testimony of a doctor who oversaw the treatment of injured with these gases.
 http://youtu.be/eEm20CyX2lg
In the following video, testimony of one of injured with these gases
http://youtu.be/sgL8BeIzsv4
Video shows one of injured with these gases
http://youtu.be/MKZ4QOKqtZI
The second attack: Adra

On Sunday 03/24/2013, at almost 9 pm, forces of the Syrian army loyal to Syrian government bombed Adra region by the missiles with chemicals warhead. It led to two victims, 6 injured with convulsion, and more than 38 injured from the region.

Appendixes and attachments:

Victim Mahmoud Said Karim, who was killed after inhaling toxic gases
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TcAXeM1IXXE

victim Abu Anas Arbash, who was killed after inhaling toxic gases
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YplNJ18PQH8

 
Testimony of a doctor who are inside the field hospital, explaining the status of each patient, while he moves among them:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wyoHhuvbGc8

 
The following video show the field hospital from its inside, and a number of injured:
http://youtu.be/_OibQ0NlWuY

Third attack: Al-Otaiba:

On Tuesday 09/04/2013, Syrian army loyal to government Syrian targeted Al-Otaiba by three missiles carrying chemical materials. The Syrian army forces left the place in the last night, and the bomson   g occurred on Tuesday at 4 Am. 

Syrian network for the human rights did not document any death case, after the departure of  battalions armed rebels left, the withdrawal of the military forces of the Syrian government. The attack resulted in the death of a number of animals.

Appendixes and attachments:

This video shows an armed rebels taking about what happened:
http://youtu.be/37wnXqkYMLk

Video shows death of poultry as a result of the bomson   g by chemical materials
http://youtu.be/qUJ74ERm8Q4

Fourth attack: Daria

Mohanad ( resident in Daria ) got poisoned cause of gases that targeted the city , he told us:
" On Wednesday evening in April 25, 2013 , Syrian Government’s Armed Forces shelled the city with two surface to surface missiles , shell targeted the southern area of the city and spread on a large scale not a small , you can say almost 2 Km2 ( Mohanad added )
Missile was almost 500 meter away from us , we thought it is as usual shelling , didn’t care , for us it is usual and frequently, this is the war waged by Syrian regime on us , shortly thereafter symptoms appeared : breath shortness, body spasm, corestenoma , then we transferred to field hospital and get cure by the doctor there , no body killed thanks God , Animal and livestock in the area died , the cow that didn’t die their milk turned to green 
Dozens of the residents witnesses the incident even those far away , cause the launching was in the dark night , Electricity in Darea was cut by Syrian Government form more than five months "    

Videos of the attack:
http://youtu.be/y58VNmj01Lo
 http://youtu.be/6Fi4lFILp2s
http://youtu.be/tV8KZQB_Bl0
Physician testimony about using poisonous gases by Syrian Government’s Armed Forces during inspection one of the injury
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7ZGT2mF1Nk
Fifth attack: Ain Tarma town

On Wednesday April 17, 2013 Syrian Government’s Armed Forces shelled Ain Tarma town in Damascus countryside with poisonous gases bombs after clashes between FSA where they could hit a military checkpoint centered at the entrance of the town
Syrian Government’s Armed Forces reply with quick revenge by using poisonous gases , led to 1 victim killed and 8 injuries ( free army and civilians )
Video document the incident
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WeA1NjCtWbM&list=UUQPWcjdMUYrA5JyBemJo8cg&index=21
Damascus Governorate : 2 chemical weapons attack on Jobar neighborhood
First attack

On Sunday April 7,2013 , Syrian government’s Armed Forces shelled Jobar neighborhood in the capital, Damascus by bombs contain poisonous gases on the of, according testimonies of resident Mr. Abu Adel and activist Abu Wael. The attack led to  more than 7 injuries in residents who suffered from the following symptoms:
Convulsions, respiratory failure, corybantiasm with dermatoxerasia, cases of bloody vomiting, eye pain accompanied with extreme myosis, and chaos in the vision.
Appendixes and attachments
Video was depicted at the field hospital in Jobar documenting the symptoms of the victims:
 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7HqL8yLJuaw&feature=youtu.be

Second attack :
On Sunday April 14,2013 , Syrian Government’s Armed Forces used poisonous gas led to kill one citizen and more than 30 injuries , number of paramedics and nurses injured while doing their duty to cure the others , Symptoms were : hard breathing , rubeosis iridis, chalasia , pass out

One victim : Young man Ibrahim Darwish  
http://youtu.be/Ap4SAcHPe_g
the following videos shows poisonous gases injuries 
http://youtu.be/LOeIqiUaCG0
http://youtu.be/uXI8Abva7NM
http://youtu.be/K3dW8O8SeKE

Idlib governorate : 1 chemical weapons attack on Saraqeb

On Monday April 29, 2013 , Helicopter belonging to Syrian Government’s Air Force (who is owned by only Syrian Government) dropped bags led to dispersion of dust particles , causing 14 suffocation injuries , transferred   to Saraqeb hospital  

Photos and Videos of the incidents :
–         One of the rescure who went to help injuries of chemical shelling on Saraqeb 29-4-2013
http://youtu.be/pirATIB3ew0
–         Helicopter thorwing bareels with chemical materials in April 29 , 2013
http://youtu.be/WmgzHUeHY_4
–         Soffocation cause chemical shelling on Saraqeb , April 29 , 2013
http://youtu.be/leNUr4GmVYk
http://youtu.be/v4M6EXLdWWk
 http://youtu.be/ffhw3Q6gj4o
–         Chemical tank dropped on Saraqeb , April 29 , 2013
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBd2g3RkJqcFZaa3M/edit?usp=sharing
–         Injury caused by chemical bombs in Saraqeb , April 29 , 2013
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBTVNPZkpFcGdWS3c/edit?usp=sharing
–         Photo for the same Injury caused by chemical bombs in Saraqeb , April 29 , 2013

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBZlE5SG1QbkZTWmM/edit?usp=sharing

Legal conclusions :
Syrian government by using poisonous gases in different Syrian Territories violated both International Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law , cause Prohibition of the Use of poisonous weapons in all circumstances ever in armed conflicts

Armed Rebels
We didn’t document any case of using chemical weapons or poisonous gases by armed rebels
Recommendations :
Human right council

1-     Serious attention of the case  of using poisinous gases
2-     Call upon security council and relevant organizations to take upon their responsibility towards this extremly serious matter .   
3-     Exert pressure on the Syrian government to stop using such type of internationally prophited weapons
4-     Hold the allies and supporter of the Syrian government : Russia , Iran , China , moral and physical responsibility towards excesses of Syrian Regime in this regard
5-     Demands international weapons and institutions concerning mass destruction weapons to monitor closely developments in Syria and alert any potential breaches by Syrian Government

Security Council :
1-     Decision to refer all the criminals and the involved to ICC
2-     Warn the Syrian Government Troops of therepercussions of using chemical gases on life’s future in Syrian and its impact on stability of civil peace and coexistence of people in the same society .
3-     Serious attention to the case and put it under continously control and research
4-     Decision to enable investigation team to move freely in Syria to make sure of the allegation of the use of this weapons
5-     Demand form country technicly cabable to apply satellite monitoring on chemical weapons and its warehouse in Syria , and to warn if the Syrian Government start any procedusre to use it  

Arab League :
1-     Demand Human Right Council and United Nations to give this serious issue the right attention and follow up
2-     Serious attention of this case and give it high priority, and try to take care of  family of poisinous gas victims
3-     Political anddiplomaticpressureonthe Syrian Government Troops’mainallies-Russia, Iran andChina -to prevent Syrian Government to use posinous gases , and prevent them fromcontinuous providingcoverandinternationaland political protectionforallthe crimes committed againstthe Syrian people andhold themmoraland physicalresponsibilityforallthe excesses oftheSyrian Government Troops
4-     Serious attention to the case and put it under continously control and research
5-       Support local councils and families with protective equipments and precautionary means and medical materials to deal with such disaster if it occures again

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Syrian Network for Human Rights – London
Website: www.syrianhr.org
Email: press@syrianhr.org
Skype: Syrianhr
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